Education Boards in India
Education in India is provided by both government as well as the private sector, with regulation and funding coming from three levels: central, state, and local. Under various articles of the Indian Constitution, free and compulsory education is provided as a fundamental right to children between the ages of 6 and 14.
The Council of Boards of School Education in India (COBSE) is a voluntary association of all the Boards of School Education in India registered since 1979 in Delhi. COBSE works in close collaboration with Ministry of Human Resource Development, Government of India, other national level apex educational organizations and agencies like the National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT), National University of Educational Planning and Administration (NUEPA) and National Council of Teacher Education (NCTE) etc.
COBSE provides academic support to its member Boards on:
- Setting and maintenance of educational standards.
- Curriculum planning
- Preparation of Curriculum materials.
- Curriculum transaction and evaluation in schools.
- Reforms in examination etc.
- Professional development of its members.
Central Board of Secondary Education
The first education board to be set up in India was the Uttar Pradesh Board of High School and Intermediate Education in 1921, which was under the jurisdiction of Rajputana, Central India and Gwalior. In 1929, the government of India set up a joint Board named “Board of High School and Intermediate Education, Rajputana”. This included Ajmer, Merwara, Central India and Gwalior. Later it was confined to Ajmer, Bhopal and Vindhya Pradesh. In 1952, it became the “Central Board of Secondary Education”.
CBSE Board is an autonomous body under the Ministry of Human Resource Development, Government of India.
ICSE / CISCE
Commonly mistaken, the Indian Certificate of Secondary Education (ICSE) is an examination conducted by the Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations (CISCE), a private, non-governmental board of school education in India, for class 10. This is predominantly an English Medium Board and is in accordance with the New Education Policy 1986 of the Government of India.
CISCE also conducts an examination for Class 12 students commonly known as the Indian School Certificate (ISC).
Every State in India has its own State Board that governs and regulates curriculum and examinations. CABE, Central Advisory Board of Education is the overall governing body of all State Boards. These boards offer curriculum predominantly in their native languages. A list of State Boards are available here.
The International General Certificate of Secondary Education (IGCSE) is an academically rigorous, internationally used, and specialized English language curriculum which is offered to students to prepare them for International Baccalaureate, A Level and BTEC Level 3. Cambridge IGCSE provides a broad and flexible study program and covers subjects from a variety of areas: Languages, Humanities, Social Sciences, Mathematics, Creative, Technical and Vocational. Most IGCSE subjects offer a choice of tiered examinations: Core or Extended papers (in Cambridge), and Foundation or Higher papers (in Edexcel). This is designed to make IGCSE suitable for students with varying levels of ability.
This Board is significantly gaining prominence in India and it’s just not limited to Tier 1 cities, but even Tier 2 and Tier 3 cities have schools following this Board of Education.
You can get a collection of institutions in India that accept Cambridge qualifications here.
A lot of FAQs on IGCSE have been listed here.